May 26, 2013

Roça Boa Entrada莊園, São Tomé


This was my first time that shared the pictures about Roça.
I wanted to write something about Roça for a long time,
because  it was the important building (agriculture) system in Portugal Era in São Tomé e Príncipe.

However, the information about Roça was so difficult to know,
I didn't know how to share the pictures of Roça.
(I thought there were more materials on Portugal)

這是我第一次在這裡分享關於莊園的照片,
其實我一直想寫一些關於莊園的東西,
來聖多美除了要去漂亮的海灘系列外,
我想另一個必去的就是莊園系列了!
因為我認為莊園是聖多美在葡萄牙殖民時期很重要的建築體系,
其中又以五千元莊園最有名(聖多美最大莊園),
不過在這邊一直很難得到關於莊園的資訊,
所以一直不知該如何介紹關於莊園的照片。
(我想葡萄牙那裏應該有很多關於這裡莊園的資訊吧!
就跟日本殖民台灣時有做很多紀錄一樣)


Roça is a Portuguese word, and is a colonial unit in Portuguese colonies.
It was commonly to seem in Sao Toem and Principe.
There were the big farm, the slaves and the rulers.
Agriculture was the core of Roça, and they got the profit from cocoa, coffee beans or palm etc.
Sometimes the agriculture produces would process in basic factory.
Maybe we can think the Roça system was the military governors in colonial times.
They had almost independent finance and government of a big system by several Roças.
There was a main headquarter Roça, and several small Roças belonged the big system.
The big system usually contained some Roças near the nature material source,
such as the giant farm or forest.
In addition, it was also a Roça by the coast, exporting the resources was their main function.

And the main headquarter Roça was usually at middle of them, to manage these Roças.

(I will introduce more functions of Roça, and this article will continue editing.)

Roça是一個葡萄牙文的單字,中文就翻作莊園,
是在葡萄牙殖民時期的一種殖民系統。
在聖多美及普林西比莊園是很常見的,可以說是到處都是,
莊園通常有很大的農場、奴隸及統治者(殖民者)所組成,
而在農場經濟作物的農業是莊園的核心,
他們可能是從種植可可、咖啡豆或者是棕梠來獲取利潤,
有時在莊園還會有一些的基本加工廠將這些經濟作物作基礎的低階加工處理。
但實際上我們可以將莊園系統想成是殖民時期的小型軍政府,
在數個莊園結合起來的莊園系統有著幾乎接近獨立經濟與政府系統,
在這系統中有一個主要核心的莊園,
位在莊園系統中間管理著其他數個小的莊園,
幾個莊園會鄰近自然資源區,如廣大的農場或是森林等等,
另外通常還會有一個莊園是鄰近海邊,負責貨物的出口,

有著道路或是輕便鐵道連結著主莊園。






Boa Entrada is located at northern Sao Tome island,
and it is a typical Roça for cocoa.
The roça for cocoa was usually larger than others,
because it needed larger field for process of cocoa.
There were hospital, school, dormitories of slaves and the administration hall.
Even though it seemed that a completed unit,
they were no function after Portuguese leaving.
Only some Sao Tomese lived here, and the buildings became ruins.

Boa Entrada莊園是位在聖多美島的北部,
是一個典型的可可莊園。
通常經濟作物為可可的莊園面積都會比其他種經濟作物的大,
因為可可的處理過需要比較大的土地。
大莊園通常會有醫院、學校、奴隸的宿舍以及管理者的行政大樓及住處,
雖然這一切看似很完整,
但在葡萄牙人離開後已無功能,
現在只剩下一些聖多美人繼續住在這裡,
有一些建築甚至已成為廢墟了。


All the buildings were Portuguese style,
I thought that the ruler want to show their power,
many buildings were beautiful,
such as the top photo in this article, it was the administration hall.
(but now looks old…)


莊園的所有建築都是葡萄牙式建築,
我猜測蓋這麼漂亮有部分是為了顯現殖民的權利與功績吧!
就像這頁封面圖那個行政樓一樣。
(不過現在看起來是舊了一點)

The hospital of Roça Boa Entrada(no function now)
Boa Entrada莊園內的醫院(現在已廢棄)

There were several tall structures for lighting signal or defense works.
在莊園的四周有較高的烽火台之類的防禦工事



The normally building for locals
一般莊園內的住宅建築(原為奴隸的宿舍)



some locals washed their cloth in the ditch.
一些當地人在莊園的溝渠旁洗衣,
這個莊園所留下的溝渠規模還算滿大的!









It seemed all the thing was so systematic under colonization by Portuguese
we can find some railways reached here in 1960s map.
在葡萄牙的殖民下一切看起來是如此的有系統,
甚至還能從1960年代的地圖上發現到有鐵路軌道運輸連接此莊園。


Now, it was no longer a colony unit,
All the things and people came back quiet and simple.
現在莊園已經不是一種殖民地單位了,
所以事物又回到了簡單與平靜。












Key word: West Afica, Sao Tome and Principe, ruins, colony, historical sites, Fortifications
Palavra chave: África Ocidental, ruínas, colônia, lugares históricos, fortificações
關鍵字:西非、聖多美及普林西比、廢墟、殖民地、古蹟、防禦工事


更多關於聖多美莊園文章
Roça Amparo II 莊園 , São Tomé
http://vintagejhan.blogspot.com/2013/06/roca-amparo-ii-sao-tome.html

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